How to Draw a Floor Plan

How to Draw a Floor Plan · Choose an area. Determine the area to be drawn. · Take measurements. If the building exists, measure the walls, doors, and pertinent, Explore Mauriceia J's board "simple house plans", followed by 260 people on Pinterest. See more ideas about house plans, house, house design

What is a Floor Plan?

How to Draw a Floor Plan
How to Draw a Floor Plan


A floor plan is a scaled diagram of a room or building viewed from above. The floor plan may depict an entire building, one floor of a building, or a single room. It may also include measurements, furniture, appliances, or anything else necessary to the purpose of the plan.

Floor plans are useful to help design furniture layout, wiring systems, and much more. They're also a valuable tool for real estate agents and leasing companies in helping sell or rent out a space.

The Importance of Floor Plan Design

Floor plans are essential when designing and building a home. A good floor plan can increase the enjoyment of the home by creating a nice flow between spaces and can even increase its resale value.

How to Draw a Floor Plan

What are the key characteristics of a good floor plan when designing your house?

  1. Versatile and flexible. Make sure in the future an office can easily be turned into a child's bedroom whether for your family or a future buyer's.
  2. Ideal room layout. Make sure bedrooms are far from entertaining spaces. Bathrooms shouldn't face common entertainment spaces like dining rooms or living rooms. Most people will like if the kitchen opens to the dining or living rooms so whoever is cooking can still interact with guests or keep an eye on the kids playing.
  3. Size matters. Whenever designing any room or hallway, think about how many people will be in that space at one time. Do they have room to move around? Is there room for furniture to accommodate all the planned activities?
  4. Fits your priorities and lifestyle. If entertaining is important, make sure there's a good flow from the kitchen to an outside space and living room. If you work from home, make sure your office gets ideal light and is perhaps in a quiet location. When you do laundry, is it ok if you have to climb three floors to get from your master bedroom to the laundry room?
  5. Find the balance between architectural details and practical considerations. Think about the safety of kids, cleaning, heating and cooling bill before falling in love with some majestic staircase or floor to ceiling windows.

Marketing and communicating with floor plans

Floor plans are also key in communicating the flow of your space to potential buyers or renters.

Rightmove released a study in 2013 that suggests that real estate buyers consider floor plans not just nice to have, but essential when looking at properties. One in five said they would ignore a property without a floor plan. They also rated floor plans more important than photos and the description of the property. On the flip side, when sellers consider hiring a real estate agent, Rightmove found that 42% wouldn't hire an agent that didn't offer a floor plan.

How to Draw a Floor Plan
How to Draw a Floor Plan

Adding a floor plan to a real estate listing can increase click-throughs from buyers by 52%.

You can also use a floor plan to communicate with contractors and vendors about an upcoming remodeling project

How to Draw a Floor Plan

There are a few basic steps to creating a floor plan:

  • Choose an area. Determine the area to be drawn. If the building already exists, decide how much (a room, a floor, or the entire building) of it to draw. If the building does not yet exist, brainstorm designs based on the size and shape of the location on which to build.
  • Take measurements. If the building exists, measure the walls, doors, and pertinent furniture so that the floor plan will be accurate. If the layout is being created for an entirely new area, be sure that the total area will fit where it is to be built. It is advisable to examine buildings built in similar areas to use as an estimate for this floor plan. Learn more about how to measure and draw your floor plan to scale.
  • How to Draw a Floor Plan
    Draw walls. Add walls for each room of the building, taking care to draw them to scale.
  • Add architectural features. Begin adding features to the space by including the unchangeable things, like the doors and windows, as well as the refrigerator, dishwasher, dryer, and other important appliances that must be placed in a specific location.
  • Add furniture. Add furniture if the floor plan calls for it.



How to Draw a Floor Plan
Floor Plan Examples

The best way to understand floor plans is to look at some examples of floor plans.

How to Draw a Floor Plan

How to Draw a Floor Plan

How to Draw a Floor Plan

How to Draw a Floor Plan

How to Draw a Floor Plan

How to Draw a Floor Plan


Drawing a floor plan is the first step in a successful build or remodeling project. Floor plans are crucial resources for remodelers and handymen when designing, budgeting and organizing construction projects. 

These are the essential steps for drawing a floor plan:

  1.  Determine the area to be drawn for the project.
  2.  Measure the walls, doors and other features.
  3.  Draw the walls to scale on graph paper or using software.
  4. Add architectural features, utilities and furniture.
  5. Review with the homeowner.

What Are Floor Plans?

Floor plans, also called remodeling or house plans, are scaled drawings of rooms, homes or buildings as viewed from above. Floor plans provide visual tools for the arrangement of rooms, doors, furniture and such built-in features as fireplaces. They can serve as guides to planning, budgeting and choosing building materials for homeowners and remodelers.

Blueprints are more technical and detailed diagrams for construction or remodeling projects. Blueprints, also called building plans, provide specific information, including electrical and plumbing systems, that remodelers or contractors use to complete a job. 

Blueprints usually include the following features, which may not be in floor plans:

Exterior elevation views of homes or buildings

  1. Grading & foundation plans
  2. Electrical & plumbing plans
  3. Cutaway views of framing
  4. Details of features such as foundation footings & staircases

Draw the Floor Plan

Follow these steps when you draw house building plans. 
  1. When drawing a floor plan by hand, use grid or graph paper and a ruler to ensure the measurements are exact. 
  2. Traditionally, floor plans are drawn to 1/4-inch scale, with 1/4 inch representing one foot.
  3. Draw the plan using a pencil, making light marks for easy changes.
  4. Draw and label the room layout and architectural features. Standard door dimensions are 2 feet 8 inches.
  5. Note the building's north/south orientation and the directions the windows face. This allows you to consider when and where sunlight falls on the house.
  6. Indicate the locations of permanent outlets, switches, vent covers, etc. for furniture arrangement.
  7. Draw desired furniture pieces to scale. Consider cutting out paper furniture to arrange on top of the plans and determine placement.
  8. At the bottom right corner, provide a title block with the floor plan creator’s name, the homeowner’s name and the architectural scale.

Tips for Floor Plan Design

Tips for Floor Plan Design

Tips for Floor Plan Design



Make your process more efficient with these tips for drawing floor plans.
  • If the plans include a full house or building, be sure to include property lines.
  • Use common floor plan symbols as seen in the graphic above.
  • Allow 5-6 inches between exterior and interior walls.
  • Make sure the plan is flexible enough to provide adequate storage.
  • Arrange furniture to allow for traffic. Provide at least 18 inches between furnishings where passage is needed, such as between a sofa and a coffee table. Allow less space in areas where no passage is needed, such as between a sofa and an end table.
  • Allow 30-48 inches of space for areas where two people may occupy the same pathway. Allow 24-36 inches for areas where one person will travel at a time.
  • Allow at least 36 inches for spaces where wheelchairs must have access, and 48 inches where wheelchairs must make a U-turn. Bathrooms must have a minimum wheelchair space of 30 inches wide by 48 inches deep to meet ADA requirements.
  • Finish the floor plan by erasing stray marks and mistakes.

House Plans Explained

How to draw floor plans (by hand)

Watch this video to find out how to draw a floor plan by hand. I'll be showing you how I do my interior design floor plans, in 2...very different ways. One is a rough plan drawing sketch and the other is a professional architectural drawing floor plan.

Maybe you want to draw your own blueprints; in which case I show you how to draw a house plan step by step for beginners. Or maybe you're more advanced and an architect, student or interior designer already? Then for you, I go into some of my spatial planning interior design top tips that I have perfected over the years- which hopefully you find useful haha :) This floor plan design tutorial is catered to everyone & I just thought that whilst I'm sketching ideas for a new project, why don't I show you my complete floor plan process from start to end. And also how to use a scale ruler lol. So, if you want to learn how to sketch like an architect, lets go!

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